Module 1: Defining Balance: What Balance Is and Is Not

The link between work-life balance and health has been confirmed by much research, using diverse research approaches in many different samples and different national contexts. Thus, it can be argued that the experience of balance between work and non-work life as an indicator of well-being and health is of public health interest – not least because it is highly gendered (see below). Work time, gender and family-life stage have long been recognized and discussed as important determinants of the work-life experience, but few studies have looked at their interactive effects.